Shobhit Jain, Marketing Manager, Infectious Diseases, Alere
Malaria is a mosquito borne disease transmitted by the infected anopheline mosquitoes. Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites known as Plasmodium (P) falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. ovale.
Malaria is a global challenge that is responsible for substantial morbidity, mortality, and economic loss to the society. In India malaria is more prevalent in Odisha, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa, Southern Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand.
Early and accurate diagnosis of malaria is very instrumental in reducing morbidity and mortality. Malaria is diagnosed using different techniques for example, conventional microscopy, QBC method, and rapid diagnostic tests (RDT). Over a period of time RDT has been developed and established as one of the most commonly used laboratory diagnostic method for malaria diagnosis. This is based on the principles of detection of antigen released from parasitized RBCs. The result is a colored test line obtained in 5–20 minutes. RDTs incorporate antibodies against Histidine rich protien2 (HRP2) specific for P. falciparum, Plasmosium specific LDH (pLDH) for all malaria species. Several studies are available to compare sensitivity and specificity of malaria RDTs.
Alere is one of the global leaders in PoCT tests for different infectious diseases. Alere is one of the largest providers of wide range of malaria RDT kits for early and accurate diagnosis.
Along with a good quality product with proven performance history, it is very important to follow recommended guidelines for diagnosis of malaria.