Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) have launched the India Hypertension Management Initiative (IHMI). The IHMI aims to reduce disability and death related to cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death in India, by improving the control of high blood pressure (hypertension), reducing salt consumption, and eliminating artificial trans-fats, leading risk factors for CVD. The IHMI is a collaborative project of ICMR, MoHFW, state governments, World Health Organization (WHO), and Resolve to Save Lives initiative of vital strategies.
The IHMI is focused on five essential components of scalable treatment of hypertension. It will support the adoption of standardized simplified treatment plans for managing high blood pressure, ensure the regular and uninterrupted supply of quality-assured medications, task sharing so health workers who are accessible to patients can distribute medications already prescribed by the medical officer, and patient-centered services that reduce the barriers to treatment adherence. Data on hypertension will be improved through streamlined monitoring systems, and the lessons learned and practice-based evidence will inform further interventions to improve cardiovascular care. IHMI will be progressively rolled out in 25 districts in the first 2 years across districts selected by the Health Ministry for expansion of active screening and intensification of treatment activities for hypertension.