Public Health & Hospitals” being a State subject, the primary responsibility for providing affordable health services lies with respective State/UT Governments. However, in order to improve the health condition of the people particularly poor people of the country, the Government of India has  taken several steps which inter-alia include:

  • Implementation of National Health Mission Free Drugs and Free Diagnostics initiative to provide essential drugs and diagnostics free of cost in public health facilities.
  • Implementation of JananiShishuSurakshaKaryakaram (JSSK), RashtriyaBalSwasthyaKaryakaram (RBSK), RashtriyaKishorSwasthyaKaryakaram (RKSK) and implementation of other National programmes like  Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP), National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) etc. where free treatment is provided to patients of Tuberculosis(TB), HIV/AIDS, Vector Borne, Leprosy diseases etc.
  • Decision to transform Sub-Health Centers/PHCs to Health and Wellness Centers to provide comprehensive primary care.
  • Screening and Management of 5 common NCDs of hypertension, diabetes, and cancers of oral, cervix and breast.
  • PradhanMantri National Dialysis Programme for free dialysis services to the poor in district hospitals.
  • Making available tertiary health   care services in the public sector through strengthening of hospitals, establishment of AIIMS institutions in the States and up-gradation of existing Government medical colleges across the country.
  • Making available quality generic medicines at affordable prices to all, under ‘Jan Aushadhi Scheme’, in collaboration with the State Governments.
  • RashtriyaSwasthyaBimaYojana (RSBY) which provides for smart card based cashless health coverage on family floater basis.
  • Under the RashtriyaArogyaNidhi (RAN), financial support is provided to patients living below poverty line suffering from major life threatening diseases, to receive medical treatment at any of the super specialty Government Hospitals/Institutes. 

Statement showing per capita expenditure on health in India as compared to some select developing countries -2015

Countries

Domestic General Government Health Expenditure (GGHE-D) per Capita in PPP IntUSD

Domestic General Government Health Expenditure (GGHE-D) per Capita in USUSD

Republic of Korea

1442

1135

Russian Federation

864

320

Brazil

595

334

South Africa

582

252

Thailand

470

167

China

456

254

Bhutan

207

66

Sri Lanka

190

63

Indonesia

141

43

Vietnam

140

49

Philippines

101

40

India

61

16

Pakistan

37

10

Nepal

27

8

Bangladesh

13

5

Source :  WHO Global Health Expenditure Data base (WHO GHED)(accessed on 1st February, 2018))

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, JagatPrakashNadda stated this in a written reply in the RajyaSabha. – Medical Buyer Bureau 


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